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The legacy of corporatism in Republican Italy
The research is devoted to the cultural and institutional legacy that corporatism, understood as an ideology and a political project, imposed on Republican Italy. Corporatism was not a simple experiment in institutional architecture; rather, it constituted first and foremost a space for reflection on how to redefine some of the elements around which the modern state was formed: the doctrine of sovereignty, the relationship between public law and private law, the forms of political representation, the problem of the legal subjectivity of the masses, the relationship between the individual and the state, the forms of organization of social interests. In other words, it was, at least in some of its assumptions, an attempt to move beyond the monistic and statist dimension of normativity and to adjust the legal system to a social, economic and political change that made the state model of the liberal tradition partially obsolete.
Examination of permanence and continuity between fascist corporative experience and the republican context will be conducted along different dimensions. There is first an institutional level, where it is possible to identify some continuities between the redundant corporative architecture and the new constitutional framework. A second aspect of the research concerns the role, often negative, that the development of corporatism had within the political cultures of republican Italy, with particular regard to the Catholic one. There is a third component of the research that more directly concerns treatment of the corporative model by legal science in Republican Italy, with particular regard to the public law context, which was traversed by strong resistance against the new constitutional model, and that of labour law, which had established its own epistemic frame in the shadow of the corporative experience.