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Modernize and govern, govern and modernize: the SPD, PSI and Labour Party meet the challenge of a European transition
The analysis will focus on the role played by the three leaderships, and will consider their participation in the debate on means and goals of political action that took place within international social democratic fora. The ultimate goal is to assess the points of convergence/divergence among the programmes and policies that the three parties implemented (concerning economic planning and welfare state, as examples), as well as among the responses they devised in order to cope with the late 1960s protest movements and the “systemic crisis” of the following decade.
The research is a comparative study of the German SPD, the Italian Socialist Party and the British Labour Party between the late 1950s and the early 1970s. While out of power, the three parties radically renewed their ideological background, and finally returned to government when the European post-war transition was in full swing. Subsequently they would be confronted with the generalized crisis of the political, economic and social model they themselves had helped to forge.