Revista Católica. A Jesuit weekly publication in New Mexico (1875-1918)
The research project explores the origins of the journal Revista Católica, founded in January 1875 by Italian Jesuit in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The catholic strategy for evangelization in the 19th Century discovered the relevance of the so-called “Apostolate of the Press” and this helped the birth of many Journals around the world. The Society of Jesus play an important role in this process, especially thanks to journals like La Civiltà Cattolica in Italy, Études in France, Stimmen aus Maria Laach in Germany or The Woodstock Letters in the US.
Revista Católica appeared in a multicultural territory, where English and Spanish speaking men and women lived together with one of the largest Indian minorities (Navajo) of the United States of America. The first four decades of the weekly publication reflect a very conflicting political and religious climate, marked by vehement controversies, especially among the exponents of various Christian confessions, but also within the Catholic circles. Written by Neapolitan Jesuits, published in Spanish in one of the States of the Union, Revista Católica spoke to the Catholic minority group of the region and reflected the conflicting atmosphere, using examples from European, particularly German, politic situations to highlight the supposed errors of Protestantism. At the same time, many articles contributed to the process of standardizing devotional life, promoting an Italian type of piety (devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Marian May, Cult of Saints).
The research aims to study the Revista’s contribute in building a “Transnational Religion” (McKevitt, Brokers of Culture 2007) in catholic New Mexico during the last quarter of 19th Century.